The development of the closed-loop deep brain stimulator (DBS) for clinical trials requires verification of its safety and effectiveness in a large animal model. Due to the financial and ethical challenges of using non-human primates, it is reasonable to use an alternative large animal model. It was reported that minipigs are suitable for the establishment of the MPTP-induced parkinsonian model. However, there is currently no evidence of whether beta oscillations, the symptom-related biomarker, exist in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) of the parkinsonian minipig model. This study was to verify whether the beta oscillations could be recorded in the STN of the parkinsonian minipig model. Parkinsonism was induced by injections of the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Through a protocol involving up to nine subcutaneous or intramuscular injections, delivering a cumulative dose of 8–10 mg/kg MPTP, the minipigs developed notable movement disturbance. By stereotactic surgery and microelectrode recording, beta oscillations were recorded in the STN of the MPTP-injected minipigs. Immunohistochemistry of the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was performed in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) of each animal. Compared with the control animal injected with saline, the TH-positive cells in the SNc were significantly reduced in the MPTP-injected minipigs. This study showed that beta oscillations could be recorded in the STN of the MPTP-induced parkinsonian minipig model. This large animal model is suitable as an alternative pre-clinical model for developing closed-loop DBS in the future.
|出版狀態||Published - 1 1月 2023|