Use of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale as a screening tool for patients with headache

Kai Dih Juang, Shuu Jiun Wang, Chung Hsiu Lin, Jong Ling Fuh*


研究成果: Article同行評審

59 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is becoming widely used in medical settings to screen for anxiety or depressive disorders. It has been shown to be a good screening instrument in different ethnic and disease populations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of HADS in patients with headache at a headache clinic. Methods. Consecutive new patients to a headache clinic at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from September to December, 1998, were recruited in the study. The participants completed the HADS questionnaire and underwent a psychiatric semistructured interview according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (4th revision). The reliability and validity of the HADS were evaluated with respect to headache. Results. A total of 62 patients (21 men, 41 women) completed the study. The HADS had a good internal consistency when applied to patients suffering from headache, with a Cronbach's α coefficient of 0.84 and a split-half reliability of 0.84. Factor analysis in this sample revealed four factors: anxiety, depression, panic and somatic factors. A total of 48 patients (77%) had a psychiatric diagnosis. The frequency of depressive disorders was 57% and anxiety disorders 31%. A total HADS score of 10 or more was the optimal cutoff point for depressive disorders. The sensitivity was 85.7%, and the specificity 33.3%. A total score of at least 13 was the optimal cut-off point for anxiety disorder. The sensitivity was 84.2%, while the specificity was 41.9%. Conclusions. Depression and anxiety were quite common among patients with headache in a headache clinic. The HADS can be used as a screening instrument for depressive and anxiety disorders. Because of the low specificity, the HADS should not be used solely as an indicator of psychiatric comorbidity among patients with headache in a headache clinic. This is the first study that verifies the use of the HADS as a psychiatric screening tool in patients with headache by comparing the scores of the HADS with psychiatric diagnoses.

頁(從 - 到)749-755
期刊Chinese Medical Journal (Taipei)
出版狀態Published - 11月 1999


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