Upper-Arm Photoplethysmographic Sensor with One-Time Calibration for Long-Term Blood Pressure Monitoring

Ching-Fu Wang, Ting Yun Wang, Pei-Hsin Kuo, Han Lin Wang, Shih Zhang Li, Chia-Ming Lin, Shih-Chieh Chan, Tzu-Yu Liu, Yu Chun Lo*, Sheng Huang Lin, You-Yin Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Wearable cuffless photoplethysmographic blood pressure monitors have garnered widespread attention in recent years; however, the long-term performance values of these devices are questionable. Most cuffless blood pressure monitors require initial baseline calibration and regular recalibrations with a cuffed blood pressure monitor to ensure accurate blood pressure estimation, and their estimation accuracy may vary over time if left uncalibrated. Therefore, this study assessed the accuracy and long-term performance of an upper-arm, cuffless photoplethysmographic blood pressure monitor according to the ISO 81060-2 standard. This device was based on a nonlinear machine-learning model architecture with a fine-tuning optimized method. The blood pressure measurement protocol followed a validation procedure according to the standard, with an additional four weekly blood pressure measurements over a 1-month period, to assess the long-term performance values of the upper-arm, cuffless photoplethysmographic blood pressure monitor. The results showed that the photoplethysmographic signals obtained from the upper arm had better qualities when compared with those measured from the wrist. When compared with the cuffed blood pressure monitor, the means ± standard deviations of the difference in BP at week 1 (baseline) were −1.36 ± 7.24 and −2.11 ± 5.71 mmHg for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respectively, which met the first criterion of ≤5 ± ≤8.0 mmHg and met the second criterion of a systolic blood pressure ≤ 6.89 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure ≤ 6.84 mmHg. The differences in the uncalibrated blood pressure values between the test and reference blood pressure monitors measured from week 2 to week 5 remained stable and met both criteria 1 and 2 of the ISO 81060-2 standard. The upper-arm, cuffless photoplethysmographic blood pressure monitor in this study generated high-quality photoplethysmographic signals with satisfactory accuracy at both initial calibration and 1-month follow-ups. This device could be a convenient and practical tool to continuously measure blood pressure over long periods of time.
原文American English
頁數19
期刊Biosensors
13(3)
發行號321
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 25 2月 2023

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