Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting Interface Circuit with Capacitive Bootstrapping Technique for Energy-Efficient IoT Devices

Po-Hung Chen*, Tze Yun Su, Philex Ming Yan Fan

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This paper presents a low-input-voltage (100 mV), low-output-voltage (500-600 mV) thermoelectric energy harvesting interface circuit for near-Threshold energy-efficient Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices. The capacitive bootstrapping technique is used to generate a positive and negative bias pair for alleviating the significant conduction losses of power MOSFETs in a near-Threshold operation. Internal bias voltages are automatically boosted to different levels as per the loading conditions to extend the output power range. The deployment of constant on-Time digital pulse skip modulation with digital zero current detection (ZCD) achieves an ultralight load operation, and precluding a reverse current. The digital ZCD is capable of dynamically adjusting the off-Time ( Tmathrm {OFF} ) of the power transistors, which vary according to the input and output voltage levels. The proposed step-up dc-dc power converter implemented using a 180 nm CMOS technology demonstrates a maximum conversion efficiency of 76.4% over a mu }\text{W}500~{\mu }\text{W} load range, significantly evaluating the feasibility of the near-Threshold interface circuit architecture for energy-efficient IoT devices.

原文English
文章編號8364556
頁(從 - 到)4058-4065
頁數8
期刊IEEE Internet of Things Journal
5
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2018

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