The role of transforming growth factor-β2 in cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation and injury

Hsin Kuo Ko, Yi Han Hsiao, Mei Jy Jeng, De Ming Yang, Pei Ku Chen, Kang Cheng Su, Kun Ta Chou, Diahn Warng Perng*


研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Aims: Transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2) plays an important role in pleiotropic functions and has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive lung disease. The role of TGF-β2 in regulating cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung inflammation and injury has not been investigated, and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. Main methods: Primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) were treated with cigarette smoke extract (CSE), and the signaling pathway of TGF-β2 regulating lung inflammation was investigated. Mice were exposed to CS and treated with TGF-β2 i.p. or bovine whey protein extract containing TGF-β2 p.o., and the role of TGF-β2 in alleviating lung inflammation/injury was studied. Key findings: In vitro, we demonstrated that TGF-β2 attenuated CSE-induced IL-8 production from PBECs through the TGF-β receptor I (TGF-βRI), Smad3, and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Selective TGF-βRI inhibitor (LY364947) and antagonist of Smad3 (SIS3) abolished the effect of TGF-β2 on alleviating CSE-induced IL-8 production. In vivo, CS exposure for 4 weeks in mice increased the levels of total protein, inflammatory cell counts, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in bronchoalveolar fluid and induced lung inflammation/injury, as revealed by immunohistochemistry. Administration of TGF-β2 through intraperitoneal injection or oral feeding with bovine whey protein extract containing TGF-β2 significantly reduced CS-induced lung inflammation and injury. Significance: We concluded that TGF-β2 reduced CSE-induced IL-8 production through the Smad3 signaling pathway in PBECs and alleviated lung inflammation/injury in CS-exposed mice. The anti-inflammatory effect of TGF-β2 on CS-induced lung inflammation in humans deserves further clinical study.

期刊Life Sciences
出版狀態Published - 1 5月 2023


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