The inhibitory effects of PGG and EGCG against the SARS-CoV-2 3C-like protease

Wei Chung Chiou, Jui Chieh Chen, Yun Ti Chen, Jinn-Moon Yang, Lih-Hwa Hwang, Yi Shuan Lyu, Hsin Yi Yang, Cheng Huang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

34 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, resulting from human-to-human transmission of a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has led to a global health crisis. Given that the 3 chymotrypsin-like protease (3CLpro) of SARS-CoV-2 plays an indispensable role in viral polyprotein processing, its successful inhibition halts viral replication and thus constrains virus spread. Therefore, developing an effective SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro inhibitor to treat COVID-19 is imperative. A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based method was used to assess the proteolytic activity of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro using intramolecularly quenched fluorogenic peptide substrates corresponding to the cleavage sequence of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro. Molecular modeling with GEMDOCK was used to simulate the molecular interactions between drugs and the binding pocket of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro. This study revealed that the Vmax of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro was about 2-fold higher than that of SARS-CoV 3CLpro. Interestingly, the proteolytic activity of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro is slightly more efficient than that of SARS-CoV 3CLpro. Meanwhile, natural compounds PGG and EGCG showed remarkable inhibitory activity against SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro than against SARS-CoV 3CLpro. In molecular docking, PGG and EGCG strongly interacted with the substrate binding pocket of SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro, forming hydrogen bonds with multiple residues, including the catalytic residues C145 and H41. The activities of PGG and EGCG against SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro demonstrate their inhibition of viral protease activity and highlight their therapeutic potentials for treating SARS-CoV-2 infection.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)130-136
頁數7
期刊Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
591
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 5 2月 2022

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