Temporal Alpha Dissimilarity of ADHD Brain Network in Comparison With CPT and CATA

Jo Wei Lin, Zuo Cian Fan, Shey Cherng Tzou, Liang Jen Wang*, Li Wei Ko*


研究成果: Article同行評審


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurological and psychiatric disorder that affects children during their development. To find neural patterns for ADHD and provide subjective features as decision references to assist specialists and physicians. Many studies have been devoted to investigating the neural dynamics of the brain through resting-state or continuous performance tests (CPT) with EEG or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The present study used coherence, which is one of the functional connectivity (FC) methods, to analyze the neural patterns of children and adolescents (8-16 years old) under CPT and continuous auditory test of attention (CATA) task. In the meantime, electroencephalography (EEG) oscillations were recorded by a wireless brain-computer interface (BCI). 72 children were enrolled, of which 53 participants were diagnosed with ADHD and 19 presented to be typical developing (TD). The experimental results exhibited a higher difference in alpha and theta bands between the TD group and the ADHD group. While the differences between the TD group and the ADHD group in all four frequency domains were greater than under CPT conditions. Statistically significant differences (p< 0.05) were observed between the ADHD and TD groups in the alpha rhythm during the CATA task in the short-range of coherence. For the temporal lobe FC during the CATA task, the TD group exhibited statistically significantly FC (p< 0.05) in the alpha rhythm compared to the ADHD group. These findings offering new possibilities for more techniques and diagnostic methods in finding more ADHD features. The differences in alpha and beta frequencies were more pronounced in the ADHD group during the CPT task compared to the CATA task. Additionally, the disparities in brain activity were more evident across delta, theta, alpha and beta frequency domains when the task given was a CATA as opposed to a CPT. The findings presented the underlying mechanisms of the FC differences between children and adolescents with ADHD. Moreover, these findings should extend to use machine learning approaches to assist the ADHD classification and diagnosis.

頁(從 - 到)1333-1343
期刊IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
出版狀態Published - 2024


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