Tailoring graphitic nitrogen-enriched electrocatalytic membranes for acetaminophen degradation: Mechanistic insights into the site-specific reactive process

Jhen Cih Wu, Yi Hsueh Chuang, Chia Hung Hou*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

The pressing concern of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in water, particularly with the increased usage of acetaminophen (ACE) during the COVID-19 pandemic, draws attention to the necessity for efficient water treatment. This study introduces tailored electrocatalytic carbon membranes featuring naturally doped nitrogen functionalities for energy-efficient electrochemical water treatment. The introduction of graphitic-N functionality into polyacrylonitrile electrospun fibers can be achieved through carbonization and activation processes, forming a freestanding electrocatalytic carbon membrane (ECM). In addition, in-situ immobilization of TiO2 on the ECM enables a deeper exploration of catalyst's role in generating reactive oxygen species. As demonstrated, the enriched graphitic N in the membrane contributed to an enhanced electron transfer ability, resulting in extraordinary electrocatalytic activities. Note that graphitic N also served as site-specific active sites for ACE degradation. By utilizing the electrocatalytic carbon membranes, complete degradation of ACE was achieved within 60 min, with an electrical energy per order (EEO) of approximately 0.6 kWh/m3/order. This demonstrates the high degradation efficiency and low energy requirement of the system. Moreover, scavenger experiments demonstrate the significant involvement of O2•–, •OH and 1O2 in ACE degradation. Within the TiO2 decoration, there is a notable enhancement in the contribution of •OH during the degradation process. Overall, this study not only innovates electrocatalytic membrane design and catalyst immobilization but also advances our understanding of site-specific reactive processes in electrified water treatment.

原文English
文章編號111910
期刊Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
12
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 4月 2024

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