Designed from a high throughput screened hit compound, novel 2-amino-1-thiazolyl imidazoles were synthesized and demonstrated cytotoxicity against human cancer cells. 1-(4-Phenylthiazol-2-yl)-4-(thiophen-2-yl)- 1Himidazol- 2-amine (compound 2), a 2-amino-1-thiazolyl imidazole, inhibited tubulin polymerization, interacted with the colchicine-binding sites of tubulins, and caused cell cycle arrest at the G 2/M phase in human gastric cancer cells. Disruption of the microtubule structure in cancer cells by compound 2 was also observed. Compound 2 concentration-dependently inhibited the proliferation of cancer cells in histocultured human gastric and colorectal tumors. Given orally, compound 2 prolonged the lifespans of leukemia mice intraperitoneally inoculated with the murine P388 leukemic cells. We report 2-amino-1-thiazolyl imidazoles as a novel class of orally active microtubuledestabilizing anticancer agents.