Synergistic catalysis of graphitic carbon nitride and dichromate for augmented oxidative polymerization of hydroquinone leading to enhanced humic-like substance formation

M. M.M. Ahmed, Yu Ting Liu, H. M. Nail, S. Venkatesan, Der Lii M. Tzou, Shih Hao Jien, Min Chien Wu, Ming Chang Lin, Hui Min David Wang, Jiann Yeu Chen, Yu-minTzou*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Background: Humic substances (HS) originate from organic matter decomposition, primarily through polyphenol polymerization (known as the browning reaction). The slow reaction kinetics have posed challenges in studying the catalytic oxidation of polyphenols by metal oxides. A substantial knowledge gap persists regarding the role of metal oxides and other catalysts in polyphenol polymerization. Method: Herein, we focused on the oxidative polymerization of hydroquinone (HQ) using potassium dichromate (Cr2O72−) to accelerate reaction rates and gain insights into HS formation. Moreover, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) was introduced as an N-doping compound with a substantial surface area and Lewis base properties, enriching the N source and promoting π-π interactions. Significant findings: The addition of g-C3N4 to the metal oxide systems tripled reaction rates, enhanced browning reactions, and complex stability. Furthermore, it improved HS surface morphology and particle size, with g-C3N4's electron transfer capabilities facilitating the in-situ HQ oxidation. Empirical data and theoretical calculations demonstrated that the g-C3N4…HQ…Cr2O72− complex exhibits greater binding energy than HQ… Cr2O72−, explaining the accelerated reaction kinetics. Post-reaction 13C NMR spectra confirmed the predicted HS spectra. This work highlights g-C3N4's catalytic role in HQ oxidative polymerization and HS generation, shedding light on abiotic humification and environmental implications.

原文English
文章編號105235
期刊Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
153
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2023

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