Surface TREM2 on circulating M-MDSCs as a novel prognostic factor for adults with treatment-naïve diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Hao Yuan Wang, Fu Chen Yang, Ching Fen Yang, Yao Chung Liu, Po Shen Ko, Chien Jung Li, Chun Kuang Tsai, Yi Lin Chung, Nien Jung Chen*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Introduction: Circulating monocytic myeloid-derived suppressive cells (M-MDSCs) are implicated as a poor prognostic factor and cause CAR T-cell failure in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) are a transmembrane glycoprotein that polarize macrophages to anti-inflammation phenotype but have never been explored on M-MDSCs. This study aims to elucidate the expression and clinical impact of surface TREM2 on circulating M-MDSCs derived from DLBCL adults. Methods: This prospective, observational study enrolled 100 adults with newly diagnosed and treatment-naïve DLBCL from May 2019 to October 2021. Human circulating M-MDSCs were obtained from freshly isolated peripheral blood, and each patient’s surface-TREM2 level on M-MDSCs was normalized via a healthy control at the same performance of flow-cytometry analysis. Murine MDSCs derived from bone marrow (BM-MDSCs) were adopted to assess the link between Trem2 and cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Results: More circulating M-MDSCs at diagnosis of DLBCL predicted worse progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Patients with higher IPI scores, bone marrow involvement, or lower absolute counts of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells in PB had significantly higher normalized TREM2 levels on M-MDSCs. Additionally, normalized TREM2 levels on M-MDSCs could be grouped into low (< 2%), medium (2–44%), or high (> 44%) levels, and a high normalized TREM2 level on M-MDSCs was proven as an independent prognostic factor for both PFS and OS via multivariate Cox regression analysis and associated with worst PFS and OS. Interestingly, normalized levels of surface TREM2 on M-MDSCs were negatively associated with absolute counts of PB CD8+ T cells and positively correlated with levels of intracellular arginase 1 (ARG1) within M-MDSCs. Wild-type BM-MDSCs had significantly higher mRNA levels of Arg1 and showed more prominent ability to suppress the proliferation of co-cultured CD8+ T cells than BM-MDSCs from Trem2 knockout mice, and the suppressive ability could be impaired by adding Arg1 inhibitors (CB1158) or supplementing L-arginine. Conclusion: In treatment-naïve DLBCL adults, a high surface-TREM2 level on circulating M-MDSCs is a poor prognostic factor for both PFS and OS and warrants further investigation for its potential as a novel target in immunotherapy.

原文English
文章編號35
期刊Experimental Hematology and Oncology
12
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2023

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