Surface changes and bacterial adhesion on implant abutment materials after various clinical cleaning procedures

Yu Shan Huang*, Cheng Yuan Hung, Her Hsiung Huang


研究成果: Article同行評審

11 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Supportive treatments are essential to long-term dental implant success; however, professional cleaning procedures may alter the surfaces of implant abutments and lead to adverse biological responses. This study aimed to evaluate four clinically used cleaning procedures by examining surface changes and subsequent bacterial adhesion on abutment materials. Methods: Discs of titanium and zirconia were polished and divided into five groups: titanium curette treatment, carbon fiber reinforced plastic curette treatment, ultrasonic scaling with carbon fiber tip treatment, air polishing with glycine powder, and control group without any treatment. After instrumentation, the arithmetical mean roughness (Ra), hydrophilicity, and surface free energy were recorded. The bacterial adhesion was evaluated after 1 h of Streptococcus mitis incubation by optical microscope and quantified by turbidity test. Results: Among the titanium samples, titanium curette treatment group showed significant surface morphology changes, increased Ra, hydrophilicity, surface free energy, and higher optical density of adhered bacteria. As for the zirconia samples, the differences in surface morphology, Ra, and bacterial adhesion between groups were nonsignificant. Conclusion: Comparing to titanium, zirconia was less susceptible to surface changes after tested cleaning procedures. Titanium curette should be used with care on titanium abutments.

頁(從 - 到)643-650
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
出版狀態Published - 2019


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