This paper presents two stochastic bike deployment (SBD) models that determine the optimal number of bicycles allocated to each station in a leisure-oriented public bicycle rental system with stochastic demands. The SBD models represent the stochastic demands using a set of scenarios with given probabilities. A multilayer bike-flow time-space network is constructed for developing the models, where each layer corresponds to a given demand scenario and effectively describes bicycle flows in the spatial and temporal dimensions. As a result, the models are formulated as the integer multi-commodity network flow problem, which is characterized as NP-hard. We propose a heuristic to efficiently obtain good quality solutions for large-size model instances. Test instances are generated using real data from a bicycle rental system in Taiwan to evaluate the performance of the models and the solution algorithm. The test results show that the models can help the system operator of a public bicycle system make effective fleet deployment decisions.
|頁（從 - 到）||39-52|
|期刊||International Journal of Sustainable Transportation|
|出版狀態||Published - 2 1月 2018|