High-resolution backscatter measurements were made at X-band, with vertical polarization, and incidence angles of 30° and 50°, for winter wheat, soybeans, and corn during the summer of 1984. Plants were observed both under natural conditions and withpartial-to-complete defoliation. The resolution volume of the measurement system is better than 20 x 20 x 11.25 cm3 within the entire range of measurements. Results are presented as a radar image, which also provides information on the spatial distribution of the (attenuated) scattering inside the canopy observed under natural conditions. Measured results indicate that: 1) for the full-grown wheat plants, heads are the dominant scatterers at the early heading stage and the ground is the dominant scatterer at the later growth stages; 2) for the soybeans, returns are mostly from the upper 30-cm portion of the plants, and leaves and stems dominate the radar signal at 30° and 50° incidence angles, respectively; 3) for the corn plants, leaves are the single dominant scatterers at both angles of incidence; and 4) ground returns are relatively unimportant as they are highly attenuated by the vegetation cover.
|頁（從 - 到）||737-745|
|期刊||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|出版狀態||Published - 1 1月 1985|