Single-Molecule Ex Situ Atomic Force Microscopy Allows Detection of Individual Antibody–Antigen Interactions on a Semiconductor Chip Surface

Ming Pei Lu*, Ying Ya Weng, Yuh Shyong Yang

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Although in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows single-molecule detection of antibody–antigen binding, the practical applications of in situ AFM for disease diagnosis are greatly limited, due to its operational complexity and long operational times, including the execution time for the surface chemical/biological treatments in the equipped glass liquid cell. Herein, a method of graphically superimposed alignment that enables ex situ AFM analysis of an immobilized antibody at the same location on a semiconductor chip surface before and after incubation with its antigen is presented. All of the required chemical/biological treatments are executed feasibly using standard laboratory containers, allowing single-molecule ex situ AFM detection to be conducted with great practicality, flexibility, and versatility. As an example, the analysis of hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) and its IgG antibody is described. Using ex situ AFM, individual information on the topographical characteristics of the immobilized single and aggregated IgG antibodies on the chip surface is extracted and the data are analyzed statistically. Furthermore, in a statistical manner, the changes in AFM-measured heights of the individual and aggregated IgG antibodies that occur as a result of changes in conformation upon formation of IgG–HBx complexes are investigated.

原文English
文章編號2000035
期刊Advanced NanoBiomed Research
1
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2月 2021

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