Self-interaction-free density-functional theoretical study of the electronic structure of spherical and vertical quantum dots

Tsin-Fu Jiang, Xiao Min Tong, S. Chu

研究成果: Article同行評審

23 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

We study the electronic structure and shell-filling effects of both spherical and vertical quantum dots by means of the density functional theory (DFT) with optimized effective potential (OEP) and self-interaction-correction (SIC) recently developed. The OEP/SIC procedure allows the elimination of the spurious self-interaction energy and the construction of accurate single-particle local potential with proper long-range Coulombic behavior. The OEP/SIC equations are discretized and solved accurately and efficiently by the generalized pseudospectral (GPS) method. The highest occupied orbital energy of N-electron quantum dots provides a direct measure of the electron affinity or chemical potential. We apply the OEP/SIC method to the study of the capacitive energy of N-electron spherical dots for N up to 70. The results show the shell and subshell structure pattern and the electron filling pattern follows closely the Hund's rule. We also consider the effect of including the vertical dimension in the quantum dot study. We perform a detailed study of the shell-filling effect and the angular and radial density distributions of vertical quantum dots. The calculated capacitive energy spectrum is in good agreement with the recent experimental results, providing physical insights regarding the origin of electron shells and the role of electron-electron interaction in quantum dots.

原文English
文章編號045317
頁(從 - 到)453171-453179
頁數9
期刊Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
63
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 一月 2001

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