A novel framework to fabricate moth-like nanopillar arrays was proposed. In this scheme, nanowires were first cross-linked with anti-gold nanoparticle (GNP) antibodies and mixed with the nanopore array pre-deposited by GNP, which was then followed by centrifugation. An optimal success rate of 95% was finally obtained by choosing nanorods with an aspect ratio of 5:1 by modifying with 10 ngmL-1 antibodies, and by inserting them into a pore array pre-deposited with 54.4 μM GNP. The nanopillar arrays thus fabricated showed high levels of antireflective efficiency across a broad wavelength. Here we demonstrate the assembly of nanowires and nanopores into nanopillar arrays by the assistance of antibody-antigen binding. The application of bio-nano-interaction provides an economic, time-saving, and throughput approach to manipulating objects on the nanoscale.