Risk of type 2 diabetes in adolescents and young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A nationwide longitudinal study

Mu Hong Chen, Tai Long Pan, Ju Wei Hsu, Kai Lin Huang, Tung Ping Su, Cheng Ta Li, Wei Chen Lin, Shih Jen Tsai, Wen Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ya Mei Bai*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

35 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Studies have suggested there is an association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)-related risk factors, such as obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. However, the association between ADHD and type 2 DM remains unknown. Methods: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we enrolled 35,949 adolescents and young adults with ADHD (ICD-9-CM code: 314) and 71,898 (1:2) age- and sex-matched controls from 2002 through 2009 and followed up with them until the end of 2011. Participants who developed type 2 DM during the follow-up period were identified. Results: Adolescents (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.83; 95% CI, 1.96-4.09) and young adults (HR = 3.28; 95% CI, 1.41-7.63) with ADHD had a higher risk of developing type 2 DM than did the controls after adjustment for demographic characteristics, use of ADHD medications and atypical antipsychotics, and medical comorbidities. Individuals with ADHD had a shorter mean ± SD duration between enrollment and onset of type 2 DM (3.17 ± 2.33 vs 4.08 ± 2.11 years, P = .004) during the follow-up compared with the controls. Sensitivity analyses after excluding first-year (HR = 2.36; 95% CI, 1.65-3.38) and first-3-year (HR = 1.92; 95% CI, 1.19-3.09) observation periods were consistent. Long-term use of atypical antipsychotics was associated with a higher likelihood of subsequent type 2 DM (HR = 2.82, 95% CI, 1.74-4.58). Discussion: Adolescents and young adults with ADHD were more likely than non-ADHD controls to develop type 2 DM in later life. In addition, those with ADHD taking atypical antipsychotics exhibited a higher risk. Although correlation does not equal causation, our findings merit further study about the relationship between ADHD and type 2 DM.

原文English
文章編號17m11607
期刊Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
79
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 5月 2018

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