Risk factors, outcomes, and mechanisms of tigecycline-nonsusceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia

Chih Han Juan, Yi Wei Huang, Yi Tsung Lin*, Tsuey Ching Yang, Fu Der Wang

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

28 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A rise in tigecycline resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae has been reported recently worldwide. We sought to identify risk factors, outcomes, and mechanisms for adult patients with tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia in Taiwan. We conducted a matched case-control study (ratio of 1:1) in a medical center in Taiwan from January 2011 through June 2015. The cases were patients with tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia, and the controls were patients with tigecycline-susceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the potential risk factors for tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR was performed to analyze acrA, oqxA, ramA, rarA, and kpgA expression among these isolates. A total of 43 cases were matched with 43 controls. The 14-day mortality of patients with tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia was 30.2%, and the 28-day mortality was 41.9%. The attributable mortalities of tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae at 14 and 28 days were 9.3 and 18.6%, respectively. Fluoroquinolone use within 30 days prior to bacteremia was the only independent risk factor for tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia. The tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia was mostly caused by overexpression of AcrAB and/or OqxAB efflux pumps, together with the upregulation of RamA and/or RarA, respectively. One isolate demonstrated isolated overexpression of kpgA. In conclusion, tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae bacteremia was associated with high mortality, and prior fluoroquinolone use was the independent risk factor for the acquisition of tigecycline-nonsusceptible K. pneumoniae. The overexpression of AcrAB and/or OqxAB contributes to tigecycline nonsusceptibility in K. pneumoniae.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)7357-7363
頁數7
期刊Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
60
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2016

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