Regional cortical thinning in patients with major depressive disorder: A surface-based morphometry study

Pei Chi Tu, Li Fen Chen, Jen Chuen Hsieh, Ya Mai Bai, Cheng Ta Li, Tung Ping Su*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

84 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study uses surfaced-based morphometry to investigate cortical thinning and its functional correlates in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Subjects with MDD (N=36) and healthy control subjects (N=36) were enrolled in the study. Each subject received T1 structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), clinical evaluations, and neuropsychological examinations of executive functions with the Color Trail Test (CTT) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). This study used an automated surface-based method (FreeSurfer) to measure cortical thickness and to generate the thickness maps for each subject. Statistical comparisons were performed using a general linear model. Compared with healthy controls, subjects with MDD showed the largest area of cortical thinning in the prefrontal cortex. This study also noted smaller areas of cortical thinning in the bilateral inferior parietal cortex, left middle temporal gyrus, left entorhinal cortex, left lingual cortex, and right postcentral gyrus. Regression analysis demonstrated cortical thinning in several frontoparietal regions, predicting worse executive performance measured by CTT 2, though the patterns of cortical thickness/executive performance correlation differed in healthy controls and MDD subjects. In conclusion, the results provide further evidence for the significant role of a prefrontal structural deficit and an aberrant structural/functional relationship in patients with MDD.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)206-213
頁數8
期刊Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
202
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 30 6月 2012

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