Recurrent falls and its risk factors among older men living in the veterans retirement communities: A cross-sectional study

Cheng Hao Hung, Chih Jen Wang, Ting Ching Tang, Liang Yu Chen, Li Ning Peng, Fei Yuan Hsiao, Liang Kung Chen*


研究成果: Article同行評審

30 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Aim To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history. Results Overall, 871 subjects (mean age: 85.5 ± 5.2 years, all males) participated in this study, whereas 222(25.5%) of them had experienced falls in the past year, and 91 were recurrent fallers. Comparisons between non-fallers, single fallers and recurrent fallers disclosed that they were significantly different in the following characteristics: diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index, GDS-5, MNA-SF, polypharmacy, use of hypnotics, urinary incontinence, and stool incontinence (P for trend all <0.05). Multiple regression analysis identified that GDS-5 was significantly associated with single falls and recurrent falls (OR 1.256, 95% CI 1.094–1.441, P = 0.001 for single fallers; OR 1.480, 95% CI 1.269–1.727, P < 0.001 for recurrent fallers). Besides, urinary incontinence was the independently associated with recurrent fallers only (OR 2.369, 95% CI 1.449–3.817, P < 0.001), but not single fallers. Conclusion Urinary incontinence and depressive symptoms were independent associated factors for falls among older men living in the retirement communities. However, urinary incontinence was associated with recurrent falls, but not single falls. Intervention study is needed to reduce recurrent falls through management of urinary incontinence.

頁(從 - 到)214-218
期刊Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
出版狀態Published - 1 5月 2017


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