Rapid Quantification of Gut Microbial Short-Chain Fatty Acids by pDART-MS

Cheng-Yu Weng, Ting-Hao Kuo, Laura Min Xuan Chai, Hsin-Bai Zou, Tzu-Hsuan Feng, Yun-Ju Huang, Jemmy C. Tsai, Ping-Hsun Wu, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ethan I. Lan, Lee-Yan Sheen, Cheng-Chih Hsu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

12 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are small molecules ubiquitous in nature. In mammalian guts, SCFAs are mostly produced by anaerobic intestinal microbiota through the fermentation of dietary fiber. Levels of microbe-derived SCFAs are closely relevant to human health status and indicative to gut microbiota dysbiosis. However, the quantification of SCFA using conventional chromatographic approaches is often time consuming, thus limiting high-throughput screening tests. Herein, we established a novel method to quantify SCFAs by coupling amidation derivatization of SCFAs with paper-loaded direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (pDART-MS). Remarkably, SCFAs of a biological sample were quantitatively determined within a minute using the pDART-MS platform, which showed a limit of detection at the mu M level. This platform was applied to quantify SCFAs in various biological samples, including feces from stressed rats, sera of patients with kidney disease, and fermentation products of metabolically engineered cyanobacteria. Significant differences in SCFA levels between different groups of biological practices were promptly revealed and evaluated. As there is a burgeoning demand for the analysis of SCFAs due to an increasing academic interest of gut microbiota and its metabolism, this newly developed platform will be of great potential in biological and clinical sciences as well as in industrial quality control.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)14892-14897
頁數6
期刊Analytical chemistry
92
發行號22
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 17 11月 2020

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