In this work, we proposed a rapid and easy check of the drinking water pollution level due to bacteria growth by semiconductor gas sensor. Highly sensitive vertical channel organic ammonia gas sensor was used to detect the gases emitted from the polluted water, and then determined effective ammonia concentration according to its response. Residues from meat of fish, shrimp, and fruits were mashed and added to the clean water. The water samples were stored at 35 °C for natural decay. Initially the bacteria concentration was below 100 colony forming unit per ml (cfu/ml), then it increased to103 cfu/ml in 2 h and 105 cfu/ml in 4 h, which was beyond the drinking safety standard, 500 cfu/ml. At this gas level no bad odor can be sensed by human yet, however, the effective ammonia concentration of those samples rises to 300–500 ppb in 2 h. The amine gas sensor can therefore be used as a rapid check if the bacteria level inside the water is far over the safety standard.