Performance on a smell screening test (The MODSIT): A study of 510 predominantly illiterate Chinese subjects

Hsiu Chih Liu*, Shuu Jiun Wang, Kong Ping Lin, Ker Neng Lin, Jong Ling Fuh, Evelyn Lee Teng

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

34 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The 12-item Modular Smell Identification Test (MODSIT) was administered to 239 male and 271 female Chinese subjects whose age ranged from 50 to 92 years (68.3 ± 10.9) and whose education ranged from 0 to 20 years (2.5 ± 4.3). Every participant was examined by a physician and was found to be free of dementia, stroke, and Parkinson's disease. Different from the standard procedures, only one-third of each odor pad was used for each subject, the four odor choices were presented orally for the majority of subjects, and they were not forced to make a selection when they could not detect or identify the odor. The average level of performance was 46% correct. The score was negatively associated with age, positively associated with education and with performance on a dementia screening test, and corroborated with subjects' report of smell deterioration in recent years. Nonsmokers and women performed better than smokers and men. The 12-item MODSIT had an internal consistency reliability of 0.73 and a 7-month retest stability of 0.57 with different examiners. The MODSIT is satisfactory for group studies, even when administered with suboptimal procedures such as those used in the present study.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1251-1255
頁數5
期刊Physiology and Behavior
58
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 1995

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