Pannexin 1 Modulates Angiogenic Activities of Human Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells Through IGF-1 Mechanism and Is a Marker of Senescence

Ting Yi Tien, Yih Jer Wu, Cheng Huang Su, Chin Ling Hsieh, Bo Jeng Wang, Yi Nan Lee, Yeu Su, Hung I. Yeh*


研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


BACKGROUND: We examined the role of Panxs (pannexins) in human endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) senescence. METHODS: Young and replication-induced senescent endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) derived from human circulating EPCs were used to examine cellular activities and senescence-associated indicators after transfection of short interference RNA specific to Panx1 or lentivirus-mediated Panx1 overexpression. Hind limb ischemia mice were used as in vivo angiogenesis model. Protein and phospho-kinase arrays were used to determine underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Panx1 was the predominant Panx isoform in human ECFCs and upregulated in both replication-induced senescent ECFCs and circulating EPCs from aged mice and humans. Cellular activities of the young ECFCs were enhanced by Panx1 downregulation but attenuated by its upregulation. In addition, reduction of Panx1 in the senescent ECFCs could rejuvenate cellular activities with reduced senescence-associated indicators, including senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, p16INK4a (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A), p21 (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1), acetyl-p53 (tumor protein P53), and phospho-histone H2A.X (histone family member X). In mouse ischemic hind limbs injected senescent ECFCs, blood perfusion ratio, salvaged limb outcome, and capillary density were all improved by Panx1 knockdown. IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) was significantly increased in the supernatant from senescent ECFCs after Panx1 knockdown. The enhanced activities and paracrine effects of Panx1 knockdown senescent ECFCs were completely inhibited by anti-IGF-1 antibodies. FAK (focal adhesion kinase), ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase), and STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) were activated in senescent ECFCs with Panx1 knockdown, in which the intracellular calcium level was reduced, and the activation was inhibited by supplemented calcium. The increased IGF-1 in Panx1-knockdown ECFCs was abrogated, respectively, by inhibitors of FAK (PF562271), ERK (U0126), and STAT3 (NSC74859) and supplemented calcium. CONCLUSIONS: Panx1 expression is upregulated in human ECFCs/EPCs with replication-induced senescence and during aging. Angiogenic potential of senescent ECFCs is improved by Panx1 reduction through increased IGF-1 production via activation of the FAK-ERK axis following calcium influx reduction. Our findings provide new strategies to evaluate EPC activities and rejuvenate senescent EPCs for therapeutic angiogenesis.

頁(從 - 到)1935-1951
期刊Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2023


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