Outcomes and predictors of chronic daily headache in adolescents: A 2-year longitudinal study

Shuu Jiun Wang*, Jong Ling Fuh, Shiang Ru Lu, Kai Dih Juang


研究成果: Article同行評審

75 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcomes and predictors of chronic daily headache (CDH) in a community-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: We established a field sample of 122 adolescents (32 M/90 F, ages 12 to 14) with CDH in 2000. These adolescents received annual follow-up by neurologists for 2 years via a semistructured telephone interview. CDH was defined as ≥15 headache days/month, average ≥2 h/day for >3 months; subtypes were classified based on the original and appendix criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (2nd ed.; ICHD-2). Poor outcome was defined as persistence of CDH at 2 years. RESULTS: Follow-up response rates were 92% in 2001 and 84% in 2002. Average monthly headache frequency was 11.0 ± 9.7 days in 2001 and 7.7 ± 6.5 days in 2002. CDH persistence rates were 40% in 2001 and 25% in 2002. Medication overuse declined from 20% (baseline) to 6% at 2 years. The prevalence of migraine did not change throughout the follow-up (67 to 60%), whereas that of tension-type headache deceased from 86 to 46% (p < 0.001). Chronic migraine prevalence increased markedly at baseline and became the most common CDH subtype at follow-up when using the ICHD-2 appendix criteria. During follow-up, seven subjects (6%) dropped out of school. Independent predictors for CDH persistence were medication overuse and major depression. CONCLUSIONS: Most adolescents with chronic daily headache (CDH) continued to have frequent headaches, although the incidence of CDH declined at follow-up. Migraine diagnosis gained prominence as headache frequency decreased. The percentages of chronic migraine in adolescents with CDH increased obviously if the appendix criteria were applied.

頁(從 - 到)591-596
出版狀態Published - 2月 2007


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