Oral Nutritional Supplement with β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) Improves Nutrition, Physical Performance and Ameliorates Intramuscular Adiposity in Pre-Frail Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

L. N. Peng, Y. C. Cheng, P. C. Yu, W. J. Lee, M. H. Lin, Liang Kung Chen*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

31 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objectives: Supplementation of high protein oral nutrition shakes supplemented with β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HP-HMB) has been shown to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults, but the roles of HP-HMB supplementation on the intramuscular adiposity remained unknown. This 12-week randomized controlled trial evaluated the changes of muscle mass, muscle strength, physical performance and intramuscular adiposity among community-dwelling pre-frail older persons. Methods: This was an open-label, parallel group, randomized controlled trail that enrolled 70 community-dwelling pre-frail older persons without active or uncontrolled conditions, disability or dementia. The intervention group was provided with two services of HP HMB (Ensure® Plus Advance containing 3g HMB) per day for 12 weeks, and the control group was provided with professional nutritional counselling for sufficient protein intake. All participants received functional assessments, laboratory tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the dominant leg before and after study. Intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and the mid-thigh cross-sectional area (CSA) of muscle were obtained by MRI, and the IMAT-to-CSA ratio was calculated to evaluate intramuscular adiposity. Results: Overall, 62 participants (mean age: 71.1±3.8 years, 69.4% female) completed the study (HP-HMB group: 29, control group: 33) and comparisons of baseline characteristics between groups were not statistically different. For the primary outcome, HP-HMB group showed significant improvements in the CSA of mid-thigh muscle (mean increase of CSA: 149.1±272.3 for HMB group vs −22.9±309.1 mm2 for control group, P=0.045). The improvement of MNA-SF was borderline (0.28±0.75 vs. −0.15±0.94, P=0.064), but serum levels of Vit D were significantly increased in the HMB group (3.83±8.18 vs. −1.30±4.81 ng/mL, P=0.002). Moreover, the body weight and BMI were significantly increased in the HMB group (1.10±1.18 vs. 0.24±1.13 kg, P=0.005; 0.56±0.68 vs. 0.22±0.47 kg/m2, P=0.019). In particular, the IMAT-to-CSA ratio was reduced in the HMB group (−0.38±1.21 vs. −0.02±2.56 %, P=0.06). Using the generalized estimating equation, we found that SPPB score in chair rise test was significantly improved (β=0.71, 95% C.I.0.09–1.33, P=0.026). Conclusions: The 12-week supplementation with high protein oral nutrition shake supplemented with 3g HMB per day significantly increased muscle mass, as well as nutritional status and physical performance, and ameliorated the intramuscular adiposity of pre-frail older persons. Further study is needed to explore the long-term benefits of HP-HMB supplementation on muscle and metabolic health for older adults.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)767-773
頁數7
期刊Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
25
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 6月 2021

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