Novel augmentation by bufalin of protein kinase C-induced cyclooxygenase-2 and IL-8 production in human breast cancer cells

Hsiao Ting Chen, David Sun, Yen Chun Peng, Pu Hong Kao, Yuh Lin Wu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and IL-8 are two inflammatory mediators induced by protein kinase C (PKC) via various stimuli. Both contribute significantly to cancer progression. Bufalin, a major active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Chan Su, is known to induce apoptosis in various cancer cells. This study clarifies the role and mechanism of bufalin action during PKC regulation of COX-2/IL-8 expression and investigates the associated impact on breast cancer. Using MB-231 breast cancer cells, bufalin augments PKC induction of COX-2/IL-8 at both the protein and mRNA levels, and the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and IL-8. The MAPK and NF-κB pathways are involved in both the PKC-mediated and bufalin-promoted PKC regulation of COX-2/IL-8 production. Bufalin increases PKC-induced MAPKs phosphorylation and NF-κB nuclear translocation. PGE2 stimulates the proliferation/migration of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, PKC-induced matrix metalloproteinase 3 expression is enhanced by bufalin. Bufalin significantly enhances breast cancer xenograft growth, which is accompanied by an elevation in COX-2/IL-8 expression. In conclusion, bufalin seems to promote the inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo, and this occurs, at least in part, by targeting the MAPK and NF-κB pathways, which then enhances the growth of breast cancer cells.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)54-66
頁數13
期刊Innate Immunity
23
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 1月 2017

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