Noninvasive investigations of human glymphatic dynamics in a diseased model

Chia Hung Wu, Yu Kuo, Feng Chi Chang, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Yu Hsiang Ling, Yen Feng Wang, Hsiu Mei Wu, Jong Ling Fuh, Chung Jung Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang*, Shih-Pin Chen*


研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Objectives: To explore human glymphatic dynamics in a diseased model via a noninvasive technique. Methods: Patients with reversible vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) presenting with blood-brain barrier disruption, i.e., para-arterial gadolinium leakage on 3-T 3-dimensional isotropic contrast-enhanced T2-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (CE-T2-FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were prospectively enrolled. Consecutive 9-min-CE-T2-FLAIR for 5–6 times (early panel) after intravenous gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) administration and one time-varying deferred scan of noncontrast T2-FLAIR (delayed panel) were performed. In Bundle 1, we measured the calibrated signal intensities (cSIs) of 10 different anatomical locations. In Bundle 2, brain-wide measurements of para-arterial glymphatic volumes, means, and medians of the signal intensities were conducted. We defined mean (mCoIs) or median (mnCoIs) concentration indices as products of volumes and signal intensities. Results: Eleven subjects were analyzed. The cSIs demonstrated early increase (9 min) in perineural spaces: (cranial nerve [CN] V, p = 0.008; CN VII + VII, p = 0.003), choroid plexus (p = 0.003), white matter (p = 0.004) and parasagittal dura (p = 0.004). The volumes, mCoIs, and mnCoIs demonstrated increasing rates of enhancement after 9 to 18 min and decreasing rates after 45 to 54 min. The GBCA was transported centrifugally and completely removed within 961–1086 min after administration. Conclusions: The exogenous GBCA leaked into the para-arterial glymphatics could be completely cleared around 961 to 1086 min after administration in a human model of BBB disruption. The tracer enhancement started variously in different intracranial regions but was eventually cleared centrifugally to brain convexity, probably towards glymphatic-meningeal lymphatics exits. Clinical relevance statement: Glymphatic clearance time intervals and the centrifugal directions assessed by a noninvasive approach may have implications for clinical glymphatic evaluation in the near future. Key Points: • This study aimed to investigate the human glymphatic dynamics in a noninvasive diseased model. • The intracranial MR-detectable gadolinium-based contrast agents were removed centrifugally within 961 to 1086 min. • The glymphatic dynamics was demonstrable by enhancing MRI in an in vivo diseased model noninvasively.

期刊European Radiology
出版狀態Accepted/In press - 2023


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