Two noisy speech processing problems-speech enhancement and noisy speech recognition-are dealt with in this paper. The technique we focus on is by using the filtering approach; a novel filter, the recurrently adaptive fuzzy filter (RAFF), is proposed and applied to these two problems. The speech enhancement is based on adaptive noise cancellation with two microphones, where the RAFF is used to eliminate the noise corrupting the desired speech signal in the primary channel, As to the noisy speech recognition, the RAFF is used to filter the noise in the feature domain of speech signals. The RAFF is inherently a recurrent multilayered connectionist network for realizing the basic elements and functions of dynamic fuzzy inference, and may be considered to be constructed from a series of dynamic fuzzy rules. As compared to other existing nonlinear filters, three major advantages of the RAFF are observed: 1) a priori knowledge can be incorporated into the RAFF, which makes the fusion of numerical data and linguistic information possible; 2) owing to the dynamic property of the RAFF, the exact lagged order of the input variables need not be known in advance; 3) no predetermination, like the number of hidden nodes, must be given since the RAFF can find its optimal structure and parameters automatically Several examples on adaptive noise cancellation and noisy speech recognition problems using the RAFF are illustrated to demonstrate the performance of the RAFF.