Nocturnal thoracic volume overload and post-discharge outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure

Hao Chih Chang, Chi Jung Huang, Hao Min Cheng, Wen Chung Yu, Chern En Chiang, Shih Hsien Sung*, Chen Huan Chen


研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Aims: Volume overload and perturbations of pulsatile haemodynamics may precipitate acute heart failure (AHF). Nocturnal thoracic volume overload due to rostral fluid shift during recumbency undetected by daytime measures may impact nighttime haemodynamics and post-discharge outcomes. Methods and results: A total of 63 patients (median 60 years, 79.4% men, and left ventricular ejection fraction 29.4%) hospitalized for AHF were enrolled. Once clinical euvolaemia was achieved, noninvasive pulsatile haemodynamics were assessed during daytime followed by circadian monitoring (6 p.m. to 5 a.m.) of thoracic fluid content and thoracic fluid content index (TFCi) using impedance cardiography, normalized electromechanical activation time ratio (EMAT%) using acoustic cardiography, and mean blood pressure using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before discharge. The primary endpoints were composited of the first hospitalization for heart failure and death from any cause. Patients were also followed for the repeated heart failure hospitalizations. During a median follow-up duration of 16 months, 33 patients encountered primary composite endpoints (52.4%), and there were 42 hospitalizations developed among 25 patients. An overnight increase in TFCi along with persistently prolonged EMAT% and low mean blood pressure was observed in the eventful group. Overnight increase in TFCi (ΔTFCi, the difference between the measures at 4 a.m. and 6 p.m.) was an independent predictor of primary composite events (hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval: 1.58, 1.07–2.33; P = 0.022) and recurrent composite events (2.22, 1.51–3.26; P ' 0.001), after adjusting for potential confounding factors. A high ΔTFCi (≥0.5/kΩ/m2) significantly correlated with higher post-discharge events (hazard ratio 6.25; 95% confidence interval 2.30–16.96; P ' 0.001) in comparison with a low ΔTFCi ('0.5/kΩ/m2). ΔTFCi was significantly associated with EMAT%, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and left ventricular ejection fraction, but not with parameters of pulsatile haemodynamics. Conclusions: Nocturnal thoracic volume overload in AHF before discharge, indicating the presence of residual volume overload unidentified by daytime measures, may predict post-discharge outcomes.

頁(從 - 到)2807-2817
期刊ESC Heart Failure
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2020


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