Neuroprotective effect and herbal-drug pharmacokinetic interaction of Gastrodia elata extract on valproic acid

Ling Yang, Tung Hu Tsai*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used antiepileptic drug, and the herbal extract of Gastrodia elata exerts an anticonvulsant effect. However, few studies have investigated the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between G. elata extract and VPA. We hypothesize that G. elata extract increases the VPA levels in the brain and enhances the antiepileptic effects of VPA, and this synergistic effect is mediated by transporters at the blood–brain barrier (BBB). We performed microdialysis on pilocarpine-induced epileptic model rats in vivo to investigate this hypothesis. The results demonstrated that cotreatment with G. elata extract and VPA ameliorated drug-resistant epilepsy by increasing the VPA levels in the brain. In addition, G. elata extract and VPA exerted synergistic anticonvulsive effects to decrease the seizure severity by protecting neurons in the hippocampus and altering the DOPAC and 5-HT levels. However, these phenomena were partially blocked by the organic anion transporter peptide (OATP) inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA; 20 mg/kg, i.p.), which demonstrated that the increase in the VPA level in the brain was modulated by the transporter OATP. This study provides a comprehensive strategy for assessing the interaction between traditional medicines and conventional antiepileptic drugs in a status epilepticus animal model.

原文English
文章編號113938
期刊Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
156
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 12月 2022

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