Nanoscale Ferromagnetic Cobalt-Doped ZnO Structures Formed by Deep-UV Direct-Patterning

Chun Cheng Yeh*, Silviu Colis, Philippe Fioux, Hsiao-Wen Zan, Dominique Berling, Olivier Soppera


研究成果: Article同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Cobalt (II) acetate is mixed with zinc methacrylate (ZnMAA) to form a photopatternable Co-doped zinc oxide precursor. By using deep-UV (DUV) interference lithography, Co-doped ZnMAA precursor can be patterned as negative tone resist and transformed into ferromagnetic Co:ZnO films after thermal treatment. Moreover, Co:ZnO patterns as small as 300 nm line-width can be easily obtained. To have an in-depth understanding to the effect of DUV-patterning process as well as thermal annealing on Co:ZnO films derived from Co-doped ZnMAA precursor, optical, magnetic, and electrical characterizations are performed on Co:ZnO films prepared in different conditions. For the Co:ZnO film prepared without DUV-patterning, large zero-field-cooling (ZFC)–field-cooling (FC) irreversibility appears in superconducting quantum interference device measurements after vacuum annealing, indicating that Co clusters have formed inside the film. On the other hand, no ZFC–FC bifurcation can be observed for the DUV-patterned Co:ZnO film after the vacuum annealing, suggesting that the uniformity of Co ion distribution inside ZnO lattice is improved by DUV-patterning.

期刊Advanced Materials Interfaces
出版狀態Published - 23 11月 2017


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