Mother-to-infant transmission of hepatitis B virus: challenges and perspectives

Yi Fen Shih, Chun Jen Liu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

16 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection due to perinatal mother-to-infant transmission (MTIT) remains a serious global health problem. Despite passive-active immunoprophylaxis using hepatitis B vaccination with or without hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg), up to 8–10% of newborns still acquire HBV infection. Understanding the mechanisms of MTIT is essential for the interruption of HBV transmission. There are three possible routes of transmission: intrauterine transmission, transmission during delivery (intrapartum) and postnatal transmission through close contact or breast milk (postpartum). Overall, positivity for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and the high viral load of the mothers are the two most important risk factors related to MTIT of HBV. This article briefly reviews the viral factors related to MTIT of HBV and discusses the issues that warrant further investigation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)481-484
頁數4
期刊Hepatology International
11
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 11月 2017

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