Mortality rate of end-stage kidney disease patients in Taiwan

Bo Sheng Wu, Chia Ling Helen Wei, Chih Yu Yang, Ming Huang Lin, Chih Cheng Hsu, Yu Juei Hsu, Shih Hua Lin*, Der-Cherng Tarng

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/Purpose: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is a global burden that reflects each country's unique condition. We used the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan to decipher changes in the mortality and international survival rates and to determine the effectiveness of the pre-end-stage renal disease care program (pre-ESRD care program) to guide future health policies for ESKD. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of the NHIRD data along with records from the catastrophic illness certificate program of ESKD patients from 2010 to 2018. Results: From 2010 to 2018, the annual dialysis-related mortality rate in Taiwan increased from 10.6 to 11.8 deaths per hundred patient-years. The mortality rate for patients below 40 years appears to be decreasing, reflecting the improved quality of care for ESKD patients. Patients above 75 years showed increasing mortality, indicating the prolonged survival and aging of the ESKD population. Patients undergoing dialysis who participated in the pre-ESRD care program had a higher post-dialysis initiation life expectancy than those who did not participate. Among the program enrollees, the post-dialysis initiation life expectancy was higher in patients who had participated for more than one year. Taiwan has one of the highest ESKD patient survival rates globally. Conclusion: From 2010 to 2018, the reduced mortality in young patients and aging of the ESKD population might indicate that the quality of care in Taiwan for ESKD has improved. Furthermore, a better survival rate after dialysis initiation was observed in the pre-ESRD care program participants.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)S12-S19
期刊Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
121
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2月 2022

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