Background: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is a key pathogen associated with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Research on treatment outcomes, especially ventilator dependence, in patients with VAP caused by CRAB remains limited. Methods: This retrospective multicenter study included ICU-admitted patients with VAP caused by CRAB. The original cohort was included as the mortality evaluation cohort. The ventilator dependence evaluation cohort included cases that survived more than 21 days after VAP and without prolonged ventilation before VAP onset. The mortality rate, ventilator dependence rate, clinical factors associated with treatment outcomes, and treatment outcome differences with various VAP onset times were investigated. Results: In total, 401 patients with VAP caused by CRAB were analyzed. The 21-day all-cause mortality rate was 25.2%, and the 21-day ventilator dependence rate was 48.8%. Clinical factors associated with 21-day mortality included lower body mass index, higher sequential organ failure assessment score, vasopressors usage, CRAB persistence, and VAP onset time > seven days. Clinical factors associated with 21-day ventilator dependence included older age, vasopressors usage, and VAP onset time > seven days. Conclusions: ICU-admitted patients with CRAB-related VAP had high mortality and ventilator dependence rates. Older age, vasopressor usage, and longer VAP onset time were independent factors associated with ventilator dependence.