The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of the glutamate receptor has recently been identified in bone, but the molecular composition of this receptor expressed by bone cells is unknown. NMDA receptor (NMDAR) is a hetero-oligomeric protein composed of two classes of subunits, the essential subunit NR1 and NR2A to D subunits that do not by themselves produce functional channels but potentiate NR1 activity and confer functional variability to the receptor. These subunits coassemble in different combinations to form functionally distinct NMDAR. In this study, we have investigated the molecular composition of NMDAR expressed by osteoblasts and osteoclasts in culture, using RT-PCR analysis, in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. Specific probes were designed for the different subunits of the NMDAR, and we showed by RT-PCR analysis that mammalian osteoclasts expressed NR2B and NR2D subunits mRNAs but not NR2A and NR2C mRNAs. Rat calvaria and MG63 osteoblastic cells also expressed several NR2 subunits mRNAs, namely NR2A, NR2B, and NR2D. In situ hybridization on isolated rabbit osteoclasts and MG63 cells has confirmed the localization of NR1, NR2B, and NR2D transcripts in osteoclasts and NR1, NR2A, NR2B, and NR2D transcripts in MG63 cells. The expression of NR2D protein by bone cells was shown by immunofluorescence. These results demonstrate for the first time that osteoblasts and osteoclasts express several NR2 subunits, suggesting a molecular diversity of NMDAR channels similar to what was shown for brain. The presence of distinct functional NMDAR on bone cells may be associated with various states of bone cell differentiation and function.
|頁（從 - 到）||134-144|
|期刊||Journal of Cellular Biochemistry|
|出版狀態||Published - 2001|