Modeling and simulations of the spreading and destabilization of nematic droplets

L. J. Cummings*, Te-Sheng Lin, L. Kondic

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12 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A series of experiments [C. Poulard and A. M. Cazabat, "Spontaneous spreading of nematic liquid crystals," Langmuir21, 6270 (2005)] on spreading droplets of nematic liquid crystal (NLC) reveals a surprisingly rich variety of behaviors. Small droplets can either be arrested in their spreading, spread stably, destabilize without spreading (corrugated surface), or spread with a fingering instability and corrugated free surface. In this work, we discuss the problem of NLC drops spreading in a simplified two-dimensional (2D) geometry. The model that we present is based on a long-wavelength approach for NLCs by Ben Amar and Cummings ["Fingering instabilities in driven thin nematic films," Phys. Fluids13, 1160 (2001); L. J. Cummings, "Evolution of a thin film of nematic liquid crystal with anisotropic surface energy," Eur. J. Appl. Math.15, 651 (2004)]. The improvements in the model here permit fully nonlinear time-dependent simulations. These simulations, for the appropriate choice of parameter values, exhibit 2D versions of most of the phenomena mentioned above.

原文English
文章編號043102
期刊Physics of Fluids
23
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 一月 2011

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