Membrane lipid remodeling eradicates Helicobacter pylori by manipulating the cholesteryl 6'-acylglucoside biosynthesis

Lih Lih Ong, Hau Ming Jan, Hong Hanh Thi Le, Tsai Chen Yang, Chou Yu Kuo, Ai Feng Feng, Kwok Kong Tony Mong, Chun Hung Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審


BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori, the main cause of various gastric diseases, infects approximately half of the human population. This pathogen is auxotrophic for cholesterol which it converts to various cholesteryl α-glucoside derivatives, including cholesteryl 6'-acyl α-glucoside (CAG). Since the related biosynthetic enzymes can be translocated to the host cells, the acyl chain of CAG likely comes from its precursor phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) in the host membranes. This work aims at examining how the acyl chain of CAG and PE inhibits the membrane functions, especially bacterial adhesion. METHODS: Eleven CAGs that differ in acyl chains were used to study the membrane properties of human gastric adenocarcinoma cells (AGS cells), including lipid rafts clustering (monitored by immunofluorescence with confocal microscopy) and lateral membrane fluidity (by the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching). Cell-based and mouse models were employed to study the degree of bacterial adhesion, the analyses of which were conducted by using flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. The lipidomes of H. pylori, AGS cells and H. pylori-AGS co-cultures were analyzed by Ultraperformance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectroscopy (UPLC-MS/MS) to examine the effect of PE(10:0)2, PE(18:0)2, PE(18:3)2, or PE(22:6)2 treatments. RESULTS: CAG10:0, CAG18:3 and CAG22:6 were found to cause the most adverse effect on the bacterial adhesion. Further LC-MS analysis indicated that the treatment of PE(10:0)2 resulted in dual effects to inhibit the bacterial adhesion, including the generation of CAG10:0 and significant changes in the membrane compositions. The initial (1 h) lipidome changes involved in the incorporation of 10:0 acyl chains into dihydro- and phytosphingosine derivatives and ceramides. In contrast, after 16 h, glycerophospholipids displayed obvious increase in their very long chain fatty acids, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids that are considered to enhance membrane fluidity. CONCLUSIONS: The PE(10:0)2 treatment significantly reduced bacterial adhesion in both AGS cells and mouse models. Our approach of membrane remodeling has thus shown great promise as a new anti-H. pylori therapy.

頁(從 - 到)44
期刊Journal of Biomedical Science
出版狀態Published - 29 4月 2024


深入研究「Membrane lipid remodeling eradicates Helicobacter pylori by manipulating the cholesteryl 6'-acylglucoside biosynthesis」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。