Measurement of scapular prominence in symptomatic dyskinesis using a novel scapulometer: reliability and the relationship to shoulder dysfunction

Tsun Shun Huang, Wen Jou Chen, Wan Yu Du, Jiu Jenq Lin*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: No previous studies have investigated whether the extent of scapular dyskinesis is associated with shoulder dysfunction. This study aimed (1) to establish the reliability of a scapulometer in patients with shoulder pain and (2) to investigate the related factors associated with shoulder dysfunction. Methods: One hundred participants with symptomatic scapular dyskinesis were recruited. Twenty-one participants were involved in the reliability study to test the intrarater and inter-rater reliabilities of the scapulometer in patients with shoulder pain. After demographic data and self-reported Flexilevel Scale of Shoulder Function (FLEX-SF) scores were recorded, all participants were measured with a scapulometer to determine the posterior displacement of the root of the spine (ROS) and the inferior angle (IFA) of the scapula from the thorax. Next, the participants performed 5 trials of bilateral scapular plane elevation for scapular kinematics and electromyographic (EMG) data collection. Stepwise multiple linear regressions were used to determine the relationships between self-reported FLEX-SF scores and potential factors. In addition to scapular displacement, pain level, scapular kinematics, and EMG data were included as independent variables. Results: The intrarater and inter-rater reliabilities of the scapulometer were excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.93-0.97) and moderate to good (ICC = 0.74-0.81), respectively. The Bland-Altman plots showed no systematic bias between raters in the ROS and IFA measurements. Final stepwise multiple regression models showed that more ROS distance, higher serratus anterior activity, and lower pain level during arm elevation were associated with higher shoulder function (total R2 = 0.253). Conclusion: The reliability of the scapulometer in patients with shoulder pain is moderate to excellent. Scapular dyskinesis may be a compensatory strategy to avoid shoulder pain and improve shoulder function.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1852-1858
頁數7
期刊Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
29
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 9月 2020

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