Longitudinal follow-up of subsequent psychiatric comorbidities among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

Ta Chuan Yeh, Mu Hong Chen*, Ya Mei Bai, Shih Jen Tsai, Ju Wei Hsu, Kai Lin Huang, Tung Ping Su, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Chih Sung Liang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: The mental health of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a concern of recent years. However, a large-scale longitudinal study investigating the risk and the time course of subsequent psychiatric comorbidities is still lacking. Methods: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 13,382 children and adolescents with ASD, and 53,528 age- and sex-matched non-ASD controls were enrolled between 2001 and 2009, and followed to the end of 2011. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) with a corresponding 95 % confidence interval for psychiatric comorbidities among children and adolescents with ASD vs matched controls was estimated. The subjects who developed schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were identified during the follow-up. Results: Children and adolescents with ASD compared with controls were more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia (19.21; 13.74, 26.88), bipolar disorder (17.59; 12.66, 24.44), depressive disorder (5.56; 4.72, 6.56), anxiety disorder (5.01; 4.49, 5.59), and OCD (16.12; 11.66, 22.30) later in life. The time course of subsequent psychiatric comorbidity showed that anxiety disorder occurred first, usually in late childhood, with psychotic and affective disorders proceeding in adolescence. Those with ASD and anxiety disorder had an additionally increased likelihood of developing subsequent psychiatric comorbidity compared with those with ASD only. Limitation: In claims data analysis, clinical parameters or possible confounders may not be fully captured. Conclusion: Patients with ASD are predisposed to the development of anxiety disorder in late childhood, as well as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, and OCD in adolescence.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)245-250
頁數6
期刊Journal of Affective Disorders
331
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 15 6月 2023

指紋

深入研究「Longitudinal follow-up of subsequent psychiatric comorbidities among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此