The risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative, antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc)-positive patients after glucocorticoid (GC) pulse therapy remains unclear. Aims: Our study aimed to examine the safety of GC pulse therapy in HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive rheumatic patients. Methods: Medical records of HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive patients receiving GC pulse therapy to treat rheumatic diseases were reviewed. The primary outcome was HBV-associated hepatitis occurring within the first year after GC pulse therapy; the secondary outcome was HBsAg seroreversion occurring during the follow-up period. Results: We identified 5222 HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive patients with rheumatic diseases who had attended Taichung Veterans General Hospital from October 2006 to December 2018. A total of 689 patients had received GC pulse therapy, with 424 patients being analyzed. Hepatitis was noted in 28 patients (6.6%) within the first year after GC pulse therapy, but none had been diagnosed as HBV-associated hepatitis. Three patients (0.7%) later developed HBsAg seroreversion, with a median interval of 97 months from the first episode of GC pulse therapy. These cases concurrently had maintained high dose oral prednisolone (≥20 mg prednisolone daily for over 4 weeks). Conclusions: Amongst the HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive rheumatic patients treated with GC pulse therapy, the risk of HBV-associated hepatitis within the first year was low. HBsAg seroreversion may have developed in the later stage, but only in those patients who had maintained high-dose oral steroid.