Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been associated with the function and changes in expression levels of microRNAs (miRs). MiR-7 has been proven to play an important role in many cellular processes; however, its functions in the context of liver lipogenesis remain unknown. We applied the microRNA-sponge (miR-SP) technology and generated transgenic miR-7a-SP models (hC7aSP and bC7aSP), which disrupted the activities of hepatic miR-7a and induced the early onset of NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in zebrafish. We identified a novel miR-7a target, YY1, and demonstrated novel miR-7a functions to regulate zebrafish hepatic lipid metabolism by controlling YY1 stabilization through the regulation of the expression of lipogenic signaling pathways. Correspondingly, liver specific miR-7a depletion functionally promoted lipid accumulation in hC7ASP livers. NASH hC7aSP increased the expression of inflammatory genes (il-1b, il-6, tnf-α, ifn-γ, nfkb2, and NF-kB) and endoplasmic reticulum stress markers (atf6, ern2, ire1, perk, hspa5 and ddit3). Molecular analysis revealed that miR-7a-SP can stabilize YY1 expression and contribute to the accumulation of hepatic triglycerides by reducing the CHOP-10 expression in the hC7aSP and then inducing the transactivation of C/EBP-α and PPAR-γ expression. PPAR-γ antagonists and miR-7a mimic treatment ameliorate hC7aSP NASH phenotypes. Conclusion: Our results suggest that miR-7a-SP acts as a lipid enhancer by directly increasing YY1 stability to disrupt CHOP-10-dependent suppression of lipogenic pathways, resulting in increased lipid accumulation. MiR-7a expression improves liver steatosis and steatohepatitis in hC7aSPs, which suggests a novel strategy for the prevention and early treatment of NASH in humans.
|頁（從 - 到）||844-856|
|期刊||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids|
|出版狀態||Published - 8月 2018|