Liquid flow in molds with prelocated fiber mats

J. A. Molnar, L. Trevino, L. J. Lee*


研究成果: Article同行評審

48 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The mechanism associated with mold filling in the manufacture of structural RIM (SRIM) and resin transfer molding (RTM) composites is studied by means of flow visualization and pressure drop measurements. To facilitate this study, an acrylic mold with a variable cavity was constructed and the flow patterns of nonreactive fluid flowing through various layers, types, and combinations of preplaced glass fiber reinforcement mats were photographed for both evacuated and nonevacuated molds. The pressure drops in the flow through a single type of reinforcement (e.g., a continuous strand random fiber mat) and also a combination of reinforcement types (e.g., a stitched bidirectional mat in combination with a random fiber mat) were recorded at various flow rates to simulate high‐speed feeding processes (e.g., SRIM) and low‐speed feeding processes (e.g., RTM). By changing the amount of reinforcement placed into the mold, the permeabilities of the different types and combinations of glass fiber mats were obtained as a function of porosity. It is shown that partially evacuating the mold cavity decreases the size of bubbles or voids in the liquid, but ultimately increases the maximum pressure during filling. The results also show that glass fiber mats exhibit anisotropic permeabilities with the thickness permeability, Kz, being extremely important and often the determining factor in the pressure generated in the mold during filling.

頁(從 - 到)414-423
期刊Polymer Composites
出版狀態Published - 12月 1989


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