Simulating the measured size dependence of both the E4f level shift and the melting-point suppression of Au nanosolids reveals that (i) the E4f core-level energy of an isolated Au atom is estimated to be -81.50 eV and the E4f binding energy is -2.87 eV and (ii) the melting point of the Au monatomic chain (MC) is around 320 K, about 1/4.2 times the bulk value (1337.33 K). These intriguing changes are attributed to the effect of atomic coordination imperfection. An analytical solution has been derived showing that the maximal strain of a metallic bond in a MC under tensile stress varies inapparently with the mechanical stress but apparently with temperature in the form of exp[A/(Tm - 4.2T)], where A is a constant and Tm is the bulk melting point. Matching calculations to all the insofar-measured breaking limits (at 4 K, it is around 0.23 nm, and in the vicinity of room temperature, it is 0.29-0.48 nm) indicates that the measured divergent values originate from thermal and mechanical fluctuation near the melting point of the MC.
|頁（從 - 到）||2162-2167|
|期刊||Journal of Physical Chemistry B|
|出版狀態||Published - 19 2月 2004|