Laser transverse modes with ray-wave duality: A review

Yung Fu Chen*, Ching Hsuan Wang, Xin Liang Zheng, Min Xiang Hsieh

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Review article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

We present a systematic overview on laser transverse modes with ray-wave duality. We start from the spectrum of eigenfrequencies in ideal spherical cavities to display the critical role of degeneracy for unifying the Hermite–Gaussian eigenmodes and planar geometric modes. We subsequently review the wave representation for the elliptical modes that generally carry the orbital angular momentum. Next, we manifest the fine structures of eigenfrequencies in a spherical cavity with astigmatism to derive the wave-packet representation for Lissajous geometric modes. Finally, the damping effect on the formation of transverse modes is generally reviewed. The present overview is believed to provide important insights into the ray-wave correspondence in mesoscopic optics and laser physics.

原文English
文章編號8913
期刊Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
11
發行號19
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1 10月 2021

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