Interconnected CPW Fed Flexible 4-Port MIMO Antenna for UWB, X, and Ku Band Applications

Arpan Desai, Jayshri Kulkarni, M. M. Kamruzzaman*, Stepan Hubalovsky, Heng Tung Hsu, Ahmed A. Ibrahim


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A coplanar waveguide (CPW) fed flexible interconnected 4-port MIMO antenna is proposed for UWB, X, and Ku band applications having a size 0.67λ × 0.81λ × 0.0028λ $ (at 3.58 GHz). The antenna parameters are characterized by using sets of real measurements to validate the antenna design and modelling. A precise milling machine is used for fabricating the single and 4-port antennas over a flexible FR-4 Substrate. Vector network analyser (VNA) is used for measuring scattering and transmission coefficients. As well as, a shielded anechoic chamber is utilised for measuring the far field radiations and the gain of the antenna under test (AUT). The basic antenna that is a part of the 4-port structure consists of a CPW fed octagonal structure surrounded by an octagonal-shaped slot. The MIMO ability is achieved by arranging the 4 identical elements symmetrically in a successive rotational means for achieving good polarization diversity. The connected ground between the elements is achieved by introducing a plus-shaped slotted structure separated by a slotted diamond at the center in the 4-port structure. None of the slots touches each other thus ensuring the common reference while maintaining the inter-element isolation better than 15 dB. The antenna demonstrated maximum gain and minimum efficiency of 6.8 dBi and 89%, respectively besides attaining a 10-dB impedance bandwidth of 125.83% (3.89-17.09 GHz) and envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) < 0.02. Finally, the 4-port flexible antenna is tested in terms of S parameters and ECC under bending conditions along the X and Y axis followed by a time-domain analysis that exhibited very good performance.

頁(從 - 到)57641-57654
期刊IEEE Access
出版狀態Published - 2022


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