Integrating finite element death technique and bone remodeling theory to predict screw loosening affected by radiation treatment after mandibular reconstruction surgery

Le Jung Wu, Kai Hung Hsieh, Chun Li Lin*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study developed a numerical simulation to understand bone mechanical behavior and micro-crack propagation around a fixation screw with severe mandibular defects. A mandible finite element (FE) model was constructed in a rabbit with a right unilateral body defect. The reconstruction implant was designed to be fixed using six screws distributed on the distal and mesial sides. The element death technique provided in FE analysis was combined with bone remodeling theory to simulate bone necrosis around the fixation screw in which the strain value reached the overload threshold. A total of 20 iterations were performed to observe the micro-crack propagation pattern for each screw according to the high strain locations occurring in each result from consecutive iterations. A parallel in vivo animal study was performed to validate the FE simulation by placing specific metal 3D printing reconstruction implants in rabbits to compare the differences in bone remodeling caused by radiation treatment after surgery. The results showed that strain values of the surrounding distal bone fixation screws were much larger than those at the mesial side. With the increase in the number of iteration analyses, the micro-crack prorogation trend for the distal fixation screws can be represented by the number and element death locations during the iteration analysis process. The corresponding micro-movement began to increase gradually and induced screw loosening after iteration calculation. The strained bone results showed that relatively high bone loss (damage) existed around the distal fixation screws under radiation treatment. This study concluded that the FE simulation developed in this study can provide a better predictive diagnosis method for understanding fixation screw loosening and advanced implant development before surgery.

原文English
文章編號844
期刊Diagnostics
10
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 19 10月 2020

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