Mammalian liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is a small cytosolic protein in various tissues including liver, small intestine and kidney and is thought to play a crucial role in intracellular fatty acid trafficking and metabolism. To better understand its tissue-specific regulation during zebrafish hepatogenesis, we isolated 5′-flanking sequences of the zebrafish L-FABP gene and used a green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic strategy to generate liver-specific transgenic zebrafish. The 2.8-kb 5′-flanking sequence of zebrafish L-FABP gene was sufficient to direct GFP expression in liver primordia, first observed in 2 dpf embryos and then continuously to the adult stage. This pattern of transgenic expression is consistent with the expression pattern of the endogenous gene. F2 inheritance rates of 42-51% in all the seven transgenic lines were consistent with the ratio of Mendelian segregation. Further, hhex and zXbp-1 morphants displayed a visible liver defect, which suggests that it is possible to establish an in vivo system for screening genes required for liver development.