Improving deep-learning electrocardiogram classification with an effective coloring method

Wei Wen Chen, Chien Chao Tseng, Ching Chun Huang, Henry Horng Shing Lu*


研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Cardiovascular diseases, particularly arrhythmias, remain a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis plays a pivotal role in cardiovascular disease diagnosis. Although previous studies have focused on waveform analysis and model training, integrating additional clinical information, especially demographic data, remains challenging. In this study, we present an innovative approach to ECG classification by incorporating demographic information from patients’ medical histories through a colorization technique. Our proposed method maps demographic features onto the (R, G, B) color space through normalized scaling. Each demographic feature corresponds to a distinct color, allowing for different ECG leads to be colored. This approach preserves the relationships between data by maintaining the color correlations in the statistical features, enhancing ECG analytics and supporting precision medicine. We conducted experiments with PTB-XL dataset and achieved 1%–6% improvements in the area under the receiving operator characteristic curve performance compared with other methods for various classification problems. Notably, our method excelled in multiclass and challenging classification tasks. The combined use of color features and the original waveform shape features enhanced prediction accuracy for various deep learning models. Our findings suggest that colorization is a promising avenue for advancing ECG classification and diagnosis, contributing to improved prediction and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases and ultimately enhancing clinical outcomes.

期刊Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
出版狀態Published - 3月 2024


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